Braces have been used to straighten teeth and correct bite problems for the past few generations. There are now many different types of modern braces that have many advantages over more traditional metal wire braces.
These are stainless steel braces, a metal wire that runs through a bracket on each tooth. They are a reliable system for correcting minor to fairly major tooth irregularities and jaw alignment issues. They are often used in conjunction with Rubber bands (elastics)
The only downside to traditional braces is that they are quite noticeable. They are also initially awkward and uncomfortable, but this is an inevitable part of rectifying dental problems.
Individuals allergic to nickel, found in stainless steel braces, may use gold plated braces. Else, some may prefer the look of gold.
Titanium braces are also suitable for individuals with nickel allergies, though they are more expensive.
It is possible to fit braces to the back of the teeth rather than the front. These lingual braces are far less noticeable than traditional braces, which some consider an advantage. They are initially awkward, but patients soon adapt.
Braces that have a similar colour to the teeth, or that are clear, are less noticeable than metal braces. In truth it is only the tooth brackets that are clear or tooth coloured; the wire between teeth is still metal. Yet the braces are less obtrusive while remaining equally effective.
It is possible to have braces at any age, but many choose to have them in their teens. Having braces at a younger age, as soon as the mature teeth are ready, allows the individual to benefit from straight teeth for the rest of their life. Nonetheless some adults choose to use invisalign or braces to straighten teeth later in life.